The Hero's Journey
The Hero's Journey
The Lesson (Link to Lesson Plan)
The Hero’s Journey - A model for analyzing stories in a variety of cultures and time periods, exploring authors’ craft, writing stories, and thinking about stories in literature and daily life.
Objective: Students will use the Hero’s Journey to describe how a story’s plot unfolds, and how the character evolves as the story moves toward problem resolution. Students will be able to recognize how stories in various time periods and genres fit into the Hero’s Journey.
Describe characters in a story (e.g., their traits, motivations, or feelings) and explain how their actions contribute to the sequence of events
Determine a theme of a story, drama, or poem from details in the text; summarize the text.
Describe in depth a character, setting, or event in a story or drama, drawing on specific details in the text (e.g., a character’s thoughts, words, or actions).
Determine a theme of a story, drama, or poem from details in the text, including how characters in a story or drama respond to challenges or how the speaker in a poem reflects upon a topic; summarize the text.
Compare and contrast two or more characters, settings, or events in a story or drama, drawing on specific details in the text (e.g., how characters interact).
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.SL.6.1c – Pose and respond to specific questions with elaboration and detail by making comments that contribute to the topic, text, or issue under discussion.
Determine a theme or central idea of a text and how it is conveyed through particular details; provide a summary of the text distinct from personal opinions or judgments.
Describe how a particular story’s or drama’s plot unfolds in a series of episodes as well as how the characters respond or change as the plot moves toward a resolution.
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.6.9 Compare and contrast texts in different forms or genres (e.g., stories and poems; historical novels and fantasy stories) in terms of their approaches to similar themes and topics.
Determine a theme or central idea of a text and analyze its development over the course of the text; provide an objective summary of the text.
Analyze how particular elements of a story or drama interact (e.g., how setting shapes the characters or plot).
Determine a theme or central idea of a text and analyze its development over the course of the text, including its relationship to the characters, setting, and plot; provide an objective summary of the text.
Technology ISTE Standards
CR: To become college and career ready, students must grapple with works of exceptional craft and thought whose range extends across genres, cultures and centuries. Such works offer profound insights into the human condition and serve as models for students’ own thinking and writing.
The Call to Adventure – “Destiny has summoned the hero and transferred his spiritual center of gravity from within the pale of his society to a zone unknown.”
The Guardian – “The first encounter of the hero-journey is a protective figure, often a little old crone or old man, who provides the adventurer with amulets against the dragon forces he is about to pass...What such a figure represents is the benign, protecting power of destiny…Some wizard, hermit, shepherd, or smith who appears who appears to supply the amulets and advice that the hero will require
Crossing the first threshold – “Standing for the limits of the hero’s present sphere or life horizon. Beyond is darkness, the unknown, and danger.”
The Mentor – “The hero is covertly aided by the advice, amulets, and secret agents of the guardian whom he met before his entrance into his region, or it may be that he here discovers that there is power everywhere support him in his superhuman passage.”
Tests and trials – “This is the second stage of the way, that of the purification of the self, when the senses are cleansed and humbled. This is this process of dissolving, transcending, or transmuting.”
Abyss or Belly of the whale – “The hero, instead of conquering, is swallowed into the unknown, and would appear to have died.” The hero is willing to sacrifice himself in conquering the abyss. “No creature can attain a higher grade of nature without ceasing to exist…the slaying of the dragon having enacted upon their own bodies the great symbolic act, scattering their flesh, like the body of Osiris, for the renovation of the world.”
Transformation – “The hero emerges a superior man, a born king. Where the hero now faces a test, he easily defeats the obstacles and makes no mistake.”
Return threshold – “The powers have blessed the hero, he now sets forth under their protection. At the return threshold the hero re-emerges. The boon that he brings restores the world.” Joseph Campbell from The Hero with a Thousand Faces.
REVIEW: plot, character, conflict, theme, setting
Set/ Inspire/ Motivate – What is the Hero's Journey? Use understood.org to review point of view and explain how "characters" need to adapt to overcome obstacles.
Connect/Review – Review plot, character, conflict, theme, setting and how it related to the hero journey
Teach/ Learn– Show, Explain, and Demonstrate the Hero's Journey
Engage – Identify the journey! Quizlet
Assess – Students will present demonstrate an understand of the Hero's journey by both identify the steps and developing a story, game, simulation, or other project.
Student Learning Menu
Engage / Set
Recognizing Character Traits
Students will use the Hero’s Journey to describe how a story’s plot unfolds, and how the character evolves as the story moves toward problem resolution. Students will be able to recognize how stories in various time periods and genres fit into the Hero’s Journey.